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Types of cancers in young adults

About 70 thousand young people (15 to 39 years old) are diagnosed with cancer every year in the United States.

Cancer is a very rare disease in young adults, yet about 70 thousand cases of cancer are diagnosed each year in the United States in a population between 15 and 39, which represents about 5% of the total number of patients in that country. This is almost 6 times the number of cases in children aged 0 to 14 years.
Certain types of cancer, such as breast cancer, mostly affect adult women; It is very unlikely that a teenager will develop it. But there are other types that are more likely to affect teenagers. Testicular cancer, for example, tends to affect more young people than older men.


Young adults are more likely than younger children or older adults to be diagnosed with some cancers, such as:
* Hodgkin lymphoma.
*Melanoma.
*Testicular cancer.
*Thyroid cancer.
* Sarcomas.

The incidence of specific types of cancer varies by age. Leukemia, lymphoma, testicular cancer and thyroid cancer are the most common cancers among those 15 to 24 years old. From 25 to 39 years, breast cancer and melanoma are the most common.

Since cancer in young adults is rare, it is important to find an oncologist who specializes in treating the type of condition you have. Research suggests that for some types of cancer, young adults may have a better outcome if they are treated with pediatric treatment regimens instead of one for adults.
Young adults who have cancer that typically occurs in children and adolescents, such as brain tumors, leukemia, osteosarcoma and Ewing's sarcoma, can be treated by a pediatric oncologist.

For the Institute of Interventional Oncology (IDOI Mexico) it is important to remind you that although follow-up care is important for all survivors, it is especially important for young adults. Talk to your health team to find out what follow-up care is recommended and where it can be received.