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Pediatric central nervous system (CNS) tumors

The tissues surrounding a CNS are usually vital to the functioning of the body.

The brain is the center of thought, memory and emotions. It controls the five senses, movement and other basic functions of the body, for example, heartbeat, circulation and breathing. The spinal cord is composed of nerves that carry information between the body and the brain.

A tumor of the Central Nervous System (CNS) begins when healthy cells in the brain or spinal cord change and grow out of control forming a mass. A cancerous tumor is malignant, which means it can grow and spread to other parts of the body. A benign tumor means that the tumor may grow, but will not spread.

Its treatment can be complicated because the surrounding tissues are usually vital for the functioning of the body. Treatment in infants and young children is a challenge because, at that stage, the brain is still developing.

Frequently, the tumor is described as high grade or low grade, depending on specific genetic changes in the tumor and how the tumor tissue looks under the microscope. In general, low grade tumors have a better prognosis.
Usually, a biopsy is the only safe way for the doctor to determine if an area of ​​the body has a tumor. Tests may also be done to determine which treatments might work best.

After leukemia, brain and CNS tumors are the second most common type of childhood cancer.
The Institute of Interventional Oncology (IDOI Mexico) recommends talking with your doctor if you are concerned about any changes in your child,
If a tumor is diagnosed, symptom relief remains an important aspect of treatment. In this case, IDOI Mexico reminds you that talking with the medical team about your child's symptoms, including new ones or any changes in them, will help the health care team to treat any symptoms and side effects as quickly as possible. . It can also help prevent more serious problems in the future.