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Instituto De Oncología Intervencionista  en

Melanoma

Exposure to ultraviolet rays is the main risk factor.

MELANOMA is a cancer that originates in certain types of skin cells.
MELANOMA type tumors are usually brown or black. However, some do not produce melanin and may look pink, brown or even white.

They can occur anywhere on the skin, but they are more likely to start in the chest and back (men) and in the legs (women). The neck and face are other common sites. Having dark pigmented skin decreases your risk of melanoma in these places, but anyone can develop it on the palms of the hands, the soles of the feet and under the fingernails.


Melanoma is almost always curable in its early stages. However, it is also very likely to spread to other parts of the body if it is not detected in time.

Some risk factors are
* Ultraviolet (UV) rays: Sunlight is the main source of ultraviolet radiation. Solar lamps and tanning beds are also sources.
* A mole (nevus) is a benign tumor of the skin that originates from melanocytes and most people have them. They will usually never cause any problems, but a person who has many moles will be at greater risk.
The type of mole NEVO SPITZ is usually benign and does not spread. However, sometimes doctors have trouble distinguishing it from a MELANOMA. Therefore, they are often removed as a safety measure.
* White people with blond or red hair who have blue or green eyes, or very white skin, who burn or fill with freckles easily, are at greater risk.
* The risk is greater if one or more of your first-degree relatives (mother, father, brother, child) have had melanoma.

The Institute of Interventional Oncology (IDOI Mexico) recommends that patients examine their skin, preferably once a month and talk to their doctor if they are concerned about any changes they observe.