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HODGKIN LYMPHOMA

The disease is the most common in adolescents between the ages of 15 and 19.

HODGKIN LYMPHOMA, previously called Hodgkin’s disease, is a type of lymphoma. Lymphoma is a cancer of the lymphatic system. The lymphatic system carries lymph, a colorless fluid containing lymphocytes (white blood cells that fight germs in the body).



B-lymphocytes (B cells), make antibodies to fight bacteria.
T-lymphocytes (T cells), kill viruses and foreign cells and trigger the B cells to make antibodies.
Lymph nodes are located throughout the body in different areas in the lymphatic system. They are found in clusters in the neck, chest, underarms, abdomen, pelvis, and groin. Other parts include the spleen, which makes lymphocytes and filters blood; the thymus, an organ under the breastbone; and the tonsils, which are located in the throat.

HODGKIN LYMPHOMA most commonly affects lymph nodes in the neck or the area between the lungs and behind the breastbone. It can also begin under the arms, in the groin, or the abdomen or pelvis.

There are 2 main types of HODGKIN LYMPHOMA:
NODULAR LYMPHOCYTE PREDOMINANT HODGKIN LYMPHOMA is more common among male and younger patients.

There are 4 subtypes of CLASSICAL HODGKIN LYMPHOMA:
NODULAR SCLEROSIS HODGKIN LYMPHOMA is the most common type in adolescents and young adults.
MIXED CELLULARITY HODGKIN LYMPHOMA is more common in children age 10 years or younger.
LYMPHOCYTE RICH HODGKIN LYMPHOMA.
LYMPHOCYTE DEPLETED HODGKIN LYMPHOMA is a very rare, aggressive type that is uncommon in children.

HODGKIN LYMPHOMA may cause the following symptoms or signs:
-Painless swelling of lymph nodes in the neck, underarm, or groin that does not go away in a few weeks.
-Coughing or problems breathing, which may mean that the lymph nodes in the chest are swollen and pressing on the windpipe.
-Unexplained fever, without other signs of infection that does not go away.
-Unexplained weight loss.
-Night sweats, usually drenching.
-Itching.
-Fatigue.

If you are concerned about any changes your child experiences, the Institute of Interventional Oncology (IDOI México) recommends you to talk with your doctor to help you figure out the cause of the problem.