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Childhood Ependymoma

Even though it can occur in any part of the brain or spine, it most commonly occurs in the cerebellum.

CHILDHOOD EPENDYMOMA is a type of brain tumor. A tumor can be malignant (cancerous) or non-malignant (benign). EPENDYMOMA is a rare, malignant brain tumor.

EPENDYMOMa starts from radial glial cells, which are a type of cell in the brain. Even though EPENDYMOMA can occur in any part of the brain or spine, it most commonly occurs in the cerebellum. The cerebellum is the part of the brain that coordinates the body’s movements.
Many times, EPENDYMOMA will block the normal flow of cerebral spinal fluid, which can lead to a condition called hydrocephalus. Children with hydrocephalus often complain of headaches, nausea, vomiting, blurred vision, and difficulty walking.

EPENDYMOMAS are relatively rare tumors in adults, accounting for 2-3% of primary brain tumors. However, they are the sixth most common brain tumor in children, accounting for about 9% of all childhood brain cancers. About 30% of pediatric EPENDYMOMAS are diagnosed in children younger than 3 years of age.

Children with EPENDYMOMA may experience the following symptoms or signs:
*Nausea and vomiting.
*Changes in vision, such as blurriness.
*Difficulty with walking or balance.
*Jerky eye movements.
*Neck pain.
*Reaching childhood developmental milestones more slowly than expected.
*Seizures/convulsions, which are sudden involuntary movements of a person’s muscles.

For the Institute of Interventional Oncology (IDOI México) it is important to remind you that sometimes, children with EPENDYMOMA do not have any of these changes or, the cause of a symptom may be a different medical condition.
If you are concerned about any changes your child experiences, please talk with your child’s doctor. Your doctor will help you to figure out the cause of the problem.